Martyr Saints of Vietnam

118 martyrs of Vietnam118 martyrs of Vietnam

According to the history of Việt Nam Catholic Church, it is estimated that hundreds of thousands of people were Christian confessors to their faith [1]. Of the 118 martyrs, 117 Blesseds were canonized by Pope John Paul II on 19/6/1988 and Andrew of Phú Yên, beatified on 5/3/2000 [2].

The list of 118 martyrs of Việt Nam [3] is alphabetically grouped as follows [4]:

  1. Andrew Trần An Dũng Lạc, priest, born in 1795 in Bắc Ninh, beheaded on 21/12/1839 in Ô Cầu Giấy during the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 21/12.

  2. Andrew Nguyễn Kim Thông (Năm Thuông), Catholic village chief and catechist, born in 1790 in Gò Thị, Bình Định, died in prison on 15.7.1855 at Mỹ Tho during the reign of King Tự Đức, was beatified on 11/04/1909 by Pope Pius X, Feast day on 15/07.

  3. Andrew Trần Văn Trông, soldier, born in 1814 at Kim Long, Huế, beheaded on 28/11/1835 at An Hòa under the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 28/11.

  4. Andrew Tường, layman, born in Ngọc Cục, Xuân Trường, beheaded on 16.06.1862 in Làng Cốc during the reign of King Tự Đức, was beatified on 29/04/1951 by Pope Pius XII, Feast day on 16/06.

  5. Anthony Nguyễn Đích, married layman, born in Chi Long, Nam Định, beheaded on 12/08/1838 at Bẩy Mẫu under the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 12/08.

  6. Anthony Nguyễn Hữu Quỳnh (Năm), medical practitioner, born in 1768 in Mỹ Hương, Quảng Bình, strangled on 10/07/1840 at Đồng Hới during the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 10/07.

  7. Agnes Lê Thị Thành (Đê), layman, born in 1781 in Bái Đền, Thanh Hóa, died in prison on 12/07/1841 in Nam Định under the reign of King Thiệu Trị, was beatified on 11/04/1909 by Pope Pius X, Feast day on 12/07.

  8. Augustine Schoeffler (Đông), French priest of The Society of Foreign Missions of Paris (MEP), born 1822 in Mittelbonn, Nancy, France, beheaded on 01/05/1851 in Sơn Tây during the reign of King Tự Đức, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Leo XIII, Feast day on 01/05.

  9. Augustine Phan Viết Huy, Dominican tertiary layman, born in 1795 in Hạ Linh, Bùi Chu, soldier, executed by corporal dissection on 12/06/1839 in Thừa Thiên during the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 12/06.

  10. Augustine Nguyễn Văn Mới, Dominican tertiary layman, born in 1806 in Phù Trang, Nam Định, Mekong, strangled on 19/12/1839 at Cổ Mê during the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 19/12.

  11. Bernard Vũ Văn Duệ, diocesan priest, born in 1755 in Quần Anh, Nam Định, beheaded on 01/08/1838 at Tam Tòa during the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 1/08.

  12. Clement Ignatius Y (Ignatius Delgado), Dominican Spanish Bishop, Co-adjutor vicar-apostolic at the Diocese of East-Tonkin, Việt Nam, born in 1761 in Villa Felice, Spain, died in prison on 07/12/1838 (21/6/1838 - lunar calendar) in Nam Định during the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 12/07.

  13. Dominic Cẩm, Dominican priest, born in Cẩm Chương, Bắc Ninh, beheaded on 11/03/1859 in Hưng Yên, during the reign of King Tự Đức, was beatified on 29/04/1951 by Pope Pius XII, Feast day on 11/03.

  14. Dominic Đinh Đạt, soldier, Dominican tertiary layman, born in 1803 in Phú Nhai, Bùi Chu, strangled on 18/07/1839 in Nam Định during the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 18/07.

  15. Dominic Nguyễn Văn Hạnh (Diệu), Dominican priest, born in 1772 in Năng A, Nghệ An, beheaded on 1/08/1838 at Ba Tòa during the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 27 / 05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 01/08.

  16. Dominic Huyên, layman, born in Đông Thanh, Thái Bình, burned at the stake on 5/06/1862 in Nam Định during the reign of King Tự Đức, was beatified on 29/04/1951 by Pius XII, Feast day on 05/06.

  17. Dominic Phạm Trọng Khảm, wealthy judge, prior of Dominican tertiary, born in Quần Cống, Nam Định, strangled on 13/01/1859 in Nam Định during the reign of King Tự Đức, was beatified on 29/04/1951 by Pope Pius XII, Feast day on 13/01.

  18. Dominic Nguyễn Đức Mạo, born in Phú Yên, layman, Ngọc Cúc, beheaded on 16/06/1862 in Làng Cốc during the reign of King Tự Đức, was beatified on 29/04/1951 by Pope Pius XII, Feast day on 16/06.

  19. Dominic Hà Trọng Mậu, Dominican priest, born in Phú Nhai, Bùi Chu, beheaded on 05/11/1858 in Hưng Yên during the reign of King Tự Đức, was beatified on 29/04/1951 by Pope Pius XII, Feast day on 05/11.

  20. Dominic Nguyên, layman, born in Ngọc Cục, Nam Định, beheaded on 16/06/1862 at Làng Cốc during the reign of King Tự Đức, was beatified on 29/04/1951 by Pope Pius XII, Feast day on 16/06.

  21. Dominic Nhi, layman, born in Ngọc Cục, Nam Định, beheaded on 16/06/1862 at Làng Cốc during the reign of King Tự Đức, was beatified on 29/04/1951 by Pope Pius XII, Feast day on 16/06.

  22. Dominic Ninh, layman, born in 1835 in Trung Linh, Nam Định, beheaded on 02/06/1862 in An Triêm during the reign of King Tự Đức, was beatified on 29/04/1951 by Pope Pius XII, Feast day on 02/06.

  23. Dominic Toại, layman, born in Đông Thanh, Thái Bình, burnt on 05/06/1862 in Nam Định during the reign of King Tự Đức, was beatified on 29/04/1951 by Pope Pius XII, Feast day on 05/06.

  24. Dominic Trạch (Đoài), Dominican priest, born in 1792 in Ngoại Bồi, Nam Định, beheaded on 18/09/1840 in Bẩy Mẫu during the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 18/09.

  25. Dominic Vũ Đình Tước, Dominican priest, born in 1775 in Trung Lao, Bùi Chu, tortured to death on 02/04/1839 in Nam Định during the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 02/04.

  26. Dominic Bùi Văn Úy, catechist, Dominican tertiary, born in 1801 in Tiên Môn, Thái Bình, strangled on 19/12/1839 at Cổ Mê under the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 19/12.

  27. Dominic Nguyễn Văn Xuyên (Đoàn), Dominican priest, born in 1786 in Hưng Lập, Nam Định, beheaded on 26/11/1839 in Bẩy Mẫu during the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 26/11.

  28. Dominic Minh (Dominicus Henares), Spanish Dominican Bishop, auxiliary bishop to the Diocese of East-Tonkin, born 1765 in Baena, Cordova, Spain, beheaded on 25/06/1838 in Nam Định during the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 25/06.

  29. Emmanuel Lê Văn Phụng, layman, parish council member, born in 1796 in Đầu Nước, Cù Lao Giêng, beheaded on 31/07/1859 in Châu Đốc during the reign of King Tự Đức, was beatified on 11/04/1909 by Pope Pius X, Feast day on 31/07.

  30. Emmanuel Nguyễn Văn Triệu, priest, born in 1756 in Thợ Đức, Phú Xuân, Huế, beheaded on 17/09/1798 at Bãi Dâu during the reign of King Cảnh Thịnh, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 17/09.

  31. James Đỗ Mai Năm, priest, born 1781 in Đông Biên, Thanh Hóa, beheaded on 08/12/1838 in Bẩy Mẫu during the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 05/27/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 12/08.

  32. Jerome Liêm (Hieronymus Hermosilla), Spanish Dominican Bishop to the Diocese of East-Tonkin, born in 1800 in San Domingo de la Calzadar, Spain, beheaded on 01/11/1861 in Hải Dương during the reign of King Tự Đức, was beatified on 15/04/1906 by Pope Pius X, Feast day on 01/11.

  33. John Baptist Cỏn, layman, village chief, born in 1805 in Kẻ Bàng, Nam Định, beheaded on 11/08/1840 at Bẩy Mẫu during the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 08/11.

  34. John Baptist Đinh Văn Thanh, preacher, born in 1796 in Nôn Khê, Ninh Bình, beheaded on 28/04/1840 in Ninh Bình during the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 28/04.

  35. John Đạt, priest, born in 1765 in Đồng Chuối, Thanh Hóa, beheaded on 28/10/1798 at Chợ Rạ during the reign of King Cảnh Thịnh, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 28/10.

  36. John Đoàn Trịnh Hoan, priest, born in 1798 in Kim Long, Thừa Thiên, beheaded on 26/05/1861 at Đồng Hới during the reign of King Tự Đức, was beatified on 11/04/1909 by Pius X, Feast day on 26/05.

  37. John Hương (Jean Louis Bonnard), French priest of The Society of Foreign Missions of Paris (MEP), in the Diocese of West-Tonkin, born in 1824 in Saint Christo en Jarez, beheaded on 01/05/1852 in Nam Định during the reign of King Tự Đức, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 01/05.

  38. John Tân (Jean Chàrles Cornay), French priest of The Society of Foreign Missions of Paris (MEP), in the Diocese of West-Tonkin, born in 1809 in Loudun, Poitiers, executed by corporal dissection on 20/09/1837 in Sơn Tây during the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 20/09.

  39. John Ven (Jean Theoph Agnes Venard), French priest of The Society of Foreign Missions of Paris (MEP), in the Diocese of West-Tonkin, born in 1829 in St. Loup-sur-Thouet, Poitiersm, beheaded on 2/02/1861 in Ô Cầu Giấy during the reign of King Tự Đức, was beatified on 11/04 / 1909 by Pope Pius X, Feast day on 2/02.

  40. Joseph Du (Joseph Marchand), Paris Missions priest, in the Diocese of Tonkin, born in 1803 in Passavaut, Besancon, France, died of flesh torn (from body with red-hot tongs) on 30/11/1835 in Thợ Đúc during the reign of King Minh Mạng, beatified by on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 30/11.

  41. Joseph Đỗ Quang Hiển, Dominican priest, born in 1796 in Quần Anh, Nam Định, executed by beheading on 9/05/1840 in Nam Định during the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 09/05.

  42. Joseph Hoàng Lương Cảnh, Dominican tertiary layman, parish council member, medical practitioner, born in 1763 in Làng Ván, Bắc Giang, beheaded on 5/09/1838 in Bắc Ninh during the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 5/09.

  43. Joseph Hiền (Joseph Fernandez), Dominican priest of Spanish Missionaries Society, in the Diocese of Tonkin, born in 1775 in Ventosa de la Cueva, Spanish, beheaded on 24/07/1838 at Nam Định during the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 24/07.

  44. Joseph Mary Diaz Sanjurjo An, Dominican Bishop of Spanish Missionaries Society, born in 1818 in Santa Eulalia de Suegos, Spain, beheaded on 20/07/1857 in Nam Định during the reign of King Tự Đức, was beatified on 29/04/1900 by Pius XII, Feast day of 20/07.

  45. Joseph Melchor Xuyên (Garcia Sam Pedro), Dominican Bishop of the Spanish Missionaries Society, born in the 18 211 in Cortes Asturias, Spain, died of corporal dissection 28/07/1858 in Nam Định during the reign of King Tự Đức, was beatified on 29/04/1951, by Pius XII, Feast day on 28/07.

  46. Joseph Nguyễn Duy Khang, catechist, Dominican tertiary, born in 1832 in Trà Vi, Nam Định, beheaded on 12/06/1861 in Hải Dương during the reign of King Thiệu Trị, was beatified on 11/04/1909 by Pius X, Feast day on 06/12.

  47. Joseph Nguyễn Văn Lựu, parish council member, born in 1790 in Cái Nhum, Vĩnh Long, died in prison on 02/05/1854 at Vĩnh Long during the reign of King Tự Đức, was beatified on 11/04/1909 by Pius X, Feast day on 02/05.

  48. Joseph Nguyễn Đình Nghi, priest, born in 1793 in Kẻ Với, Hà Nội, beheaded on 11/08/1840 in Bẩy Mẫu, during the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 08/11.

  49. Joseph Phạm Trọng Tả (Cai), village chief, born in 1796 in Quần Cống, Nam Định, layman, strangled on 13/01/1859 in Nam Định during the reign of King Tự Đức, was beatified on 27/05/1951 by Pius XII, Feast day on 13/01.

  50. Joseph Lê Đăng Thị, army officer, born in 1825 in Kẻ Văn, Quảng Trị, Layman, strangled on 24/10/1860 at An Hòa during the reign of King Tự Đức, was beatified on 11/04/1909 by Pius X, Feast day on 24/10.

  51. Joseph Tuân, Dominican priest, born in 1821 in Trần Xá, Hưng Yên, beheaded on 30/04/1861 in Hưng Yên during the reign of King Tự Đức, was beatified on 29/04/1951 by Pius XII, Feast day on 30/04.

  52. Joseph Trần Văn Tuấn, layman, born in 1824 in Nam Điền, Nam Định, beheaded on 07/01/1862 in Nam Định during the reign of King Tự Đức, was beatified on 29/04/1951 by Pius XII, Feast day on 07/06.

  53. Joseph Túc, layman, born in 1853 in Hoàng Xá, Bắc Ninh, beheaded on 1/06/1862 in Nam Định during the reign of King Tự Đức, was beatified on 29/1951 by Pius XII, Feast day on 01/06.

  54. Joseph Nguyễn Đình Uyển, catechist, Dominican tertiary, born in 1775 in Ninh Cường, Nam Định, died in prison on 04/07/1838 in Hưng Yên during the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 04/07.

  55. Joseph Đặng Đình Viên, diocesan priest, born in 1787 in Tiên Chu, Hưng Yên, beheaded on 08/21/1838 in Bẩy Mẫu during the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 21/08.

  56. Henry Gia (Henricus Cast Agnesda), Dominican priest of Spanish Missionaries Society, in the Diocese of East-Tonkin, born in 1743 in Javita, Spain, beheaded on 07/11/1773 in Đồng Mơ during the reign of Lord Trịnh Sâm, was beatified on 15/04/1906 by Pope Pius X, Feast day on 07/11.

  57. Lawrence Nguyễn Văn Hưởng, priest, born in 1802 in Kẻ Sài, Hà Nội, executed by beheading on 27/04/1856 at Ninh Bình during the reign of King Tự Đức, was beatified on 11/04/1909 by Pope Pius X, Feast day on 27/04.

  58. Lawrence Ngôn, layman, born in the Lục Thủy, Nam Định, beheaded on 22/05/1862 in Nam Định during the reign of King Tự Đức, was beatified on 29/04/1951 by Pope Pius XII, Feast day on 22/05.

  59. Luke Vũ Bá Loan, priest, born in 1756 in Trại Bút, Phú Đa, beheaded on 05/06/1840 in Ô Cầu Giấy during the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 05/06.

  60. Luke Phạm Viết Thìn (Cai), layman, born in 1819 in Quần Cống, Nam Định, village chief, strangled on 13/01/1859 in Nam Định during the reign of King Tự Đức, was beatified on 29/04/1951 by Pope Pius XII, Feast day on 13/01.

  61. Matthew Nguyễn Văn Phượng (Đắc), parish council member, born in 1808 in Kẻ Lái, Quảng Bình, beheaded on 26/05/1861 at Đồng Hới during the reign of King Tự Đức, was beatified on 11/04/1909 by Pope Pius X, Feast day on 26/05.

  62. Matthew Đậu (Matthaeus Alonso Leciniana), Dominican priest of Spanish Missionaries Society, in the Diocese of East-Tonkin, born in 1702 in Nava del Rey, Spain, beheaded on 22/01/1745 in Thăng Long during the reign of Lord Trịnh Doanh, was beatified on 15/04/1906 by Pope Pius X, Feast day on 22/01.

  63. Matthew Lê Văn Gẫm, merchant, born in 1813 in Gò Công, Biên Hòa, beheaded on 11/05/1847 at Chợ Đũi during the reign of King Thiệu Trị, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 11/05.

  64. Martin Tạ Đức Thịnh, priest, born in 1760 in Kẻ Sặt, Hà Nội, beheaded on 11/08/1840 in Bẩy Mẫu during the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 08/11.

  65. Martin Thọ, layman, born in 1787 in Kẻ Bàng, Nam Định, parish council member, beheaded on 08/11/1840 in Bẩy Mẫu during the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 08/11.

  66. Michael Hồ Đình Hy, layman, mandarin (high officer), born in 1808 in Như Lâm, Thừa Thiên, beheaded on 22/05/1857 at An Hòa during the reign of King Tự Đức, was beatified on 11/04/1909 by Pope Pius X, Feast day on 22/05.

  67. Michael Nguyễn Huy Mỹ, layman, hamlet chief, born in 1804 in Kẻ Vĩnh, Hà Nội, beheaded on 12/08/1838 in Bẩy Mẫu, during the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 12/08.

  68. Nicolas Bùi Đức Thể, layman, born 1792 in Kiên Trung, Bùi Chu, soldier, died of corporal dissection on 12/06/1839 in Thừa Thiên, during the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 12/06.

  69. Francis Đỗ Văn Chiêu, catechist, born in 1797 in Trung Lễ, Liên Thủy, Nam Định, beheaded on 25/06/1838 in Nam Định during the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 26/06.

  70. Francis Kính (Francois Isidore Gagelin), priest of the Society of Foreign Missions of Paris, in the diocese of Cochinchina, born in 1799 in MonTPerreux, Besancon, France, strangled on 17/10/1833 in Bãi Dâu during the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 17/10.

  71. Francis Phan (Francois Jaccard), priest of the Society of Foreign Missions of Paris, in the Diocese of Cochinchina, born in 1799 in Onnion, Annecy, France, strangled on 21/09/1838 in Nhan Biểu during the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 21/09.

  72. Francis Tế (Francois Gil de Federich), Dominican priest of the Spanish Missionaries Society, in the Diocese of East-Tonkin,born in 1702 in Tortosa, Catalunha, Spain, beheaded on 22/01/1745 in Thăng Long during the reign of Lord Trịnh Doanh, was beatified on 15/04/1906 by Pope Pius X, Feast day on 22/01.

  73. Francis Trần Văn Trung, army officer, born in 1825 in Phan Xã, Quảng Trị, layman, beheaded on 06/10/1858 at An Hòa during the reign of King Tự Đức, was beatified on 11/04/1909 by Pope Pius X, Feast day on 06/10.

  74. Francis Xavier Cần, catechists, born in 1803 in Sơn Miêng, Hà Đông, strangled on 20/11/1837 in Ô Cầu Giấy, during the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 20/11.

  75. Francis Xavier Hà Trọng Mậu, Dominican tertiary, born in 1794 in Kẻ Điều, catechist, strangled on 19/12/1839 in Cổ Mê, during the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 19/12.

  76. Paul Tống Viết Bường, layman, born Phủ Cam, Huế, captain of emperor’s bodyguard, beheaded on 23/10/1833 in Thợ Đức, during the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 23/10.

  77. Paul Đồng (Dương), layman, parish council member, born in 1802 in Vực Đường, Hưng Yên, beheaded on 03/06/1862 in Nam Định during the reign of King Tự Đức, was beatified on 29/04/1951 by Pope Pius XII, Feast day on 03/06.

  78. Paul Hành, layman, born in 1827, in Chợ Quán, beheaded on 28/05/1859 in South Việt Nam, during the reign of King Tự Đức, was beatified on 11/04/1909 by Pope Pius X, Feast day on 28/05.

  79. Paul Phạm Khắc Khoan, priest, born 1771 in Duyên Mậu, Ninh Bình, beheaded on 28/04/1840 at Ninh Bình during the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 28/04.

  80. Paul Lê Văn Lộc, priest, born in 1830 in An Nhơn, Gia Định, executed by beheading on 13/02/1859 in Gia Định, during the reign of King Tự Đức, was beatified on 11/04/1909 by Pope Pius X, Feast day on 13/02.

  81. Paul Nguyễn Văn Mỹ, catechist, born 1798 in Kẻ Non, Hà Nam, strangled on 18/12/1838 in Sơn Tây, during the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 18/12.

  82. Paul Nguyễn Ngân, priest, born in 1790 in Kẻ Bền, Thanh Hóa, beheaded on 08/11/1840 in Bẩy Mẫu during the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 08/11.

  83. Paul Lê Bảo Tịnh, priest, born in 1793 in Trịnh Hà, Thanh Hóa, beheaded on 06/04/1857 at Bẩy Mẫu during the reign of King Tự Đức, was beatified on 11/04/1909 by Pope Pius X, Feast day on 06/04.

  84. Peter Bắc (Pierre Francois Neron), priest the Society of Foreign Missions of Paris, the Diocese of West-Tonkin, born in 1818 in Bornay, Saint-Claude, France, executed by beheading on 03/11/1860 in Sơn Tây, during the reign of King Tự Đức , was beatified on 11/04/1909 by Pope Pius X, Feast day on 03/11.

  85. Peter Bình (Petrus Almato), Dominican priest of the Spanish Missionaries Society, in the Diocese of East-Tonkin, born in 1830 in San Feliz Saserra, Spain, beheaded on 01/11/1861 in Hải Dương, during the reign of King Tự Đức, was beatified on 15/04/1906 by Pope Pius X, Feast day on 01/11.

  86. Peter Cao (Pierre Rose Dumoulin Borie), Bishop of the Paris Foreign Mission Society, Diocese of West-Tonkin, born in 1808 in Beynat, Tulle, France, beheaded on 24/11/1838 at Đồng Hới during the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 24/11.

  87. Peter Đinh Văn Dũng, layman, born in 1800 in Đông Hào, Thái Bình, burnt at the stake on 06/06/1862 in Nam Định, during the reign of King Tự Đức, was beatified on 29/04/1951 by Pope Pius XII, Feast day on 06/06.

  88. Peter Đa, layman, born in Ngọc Cục, Xuân Trường, burnt at the stake on 17/06/1862 in Nam Định, during the reign of King Tự Đức, was beatified on 29/04/1951 by Pope Pius XII, Feast day on 17/06.

  89. Peter Nguyễn Văn Đường, catechist, born in 1808 in Kẻ Sở, Hà Nam, strangled on 18/12/1838 in Sơn Tây, during the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 18/12.

  90. Peter Nguyễn Văn Hiếu, catechist, born in 1777 in Đồng Chuối, Ninh Bình, beheaded on 28/04/1840 in Ninh Bình, during the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 28/04.

  91. Peter Hoàng Khanh, priest, born 1780 in Hòa Duệ, Nghệ An, executed by beheading on 12/07/1842 in Hà Tĩnh, during the reign of King Thiệu Trị, was beatified on 11/04/1909 by Pope Pius X, Feast day on 12/07.

  92. Peter Võ Đăng Khoa, priest, born in 1790 in Thượng Hải, Nghệ An, strangled on 24/11/1838 in Đồng Hới, during the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 24/11.

  93. Peter Nguyễn Văn Lựu, priest, born 1812 in Gò Vấp, Gia Định, beheaded on 07/04/1861 in Mỹ Tho, during the reign of King Tự Đức, was beatified on 11/04/1909 by Pope Pius X, Feast day on 07/04.

  94. Peter Đoàn Công Quý, priest, born in 1826 in Búng, Gia Định, beheaded on 31/07/1859 in Châu Đốc, during the reign of King Tự Đức, was beatified on 11/04/1909, Feast day on 31/07.

  95. Peter Đinh Văn Thuần, layman, born in 1802 in Đông Phú, Thái Bình, burnt at the stake on 06/06/1862 in Nam Định, during the reign of King Tự Đức, was beatified on 29/04/1951 by Pope Pius XII, Feast day on 06/06.

  96. Peter Trương Văn Thi, priest, born in 1763 in Kẻ Sở, Hà Nội, beheaded on 21/12/1839 in Ô Cầu Giấy, during the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 21/12.

  97. Peter Vũ Văn Truật, catechist, born in 1817, in Kẻ Thiếc, Hà Nam, strangled on 18/12/1838 in Sơn Tây, during the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 18/12.

  98. Peter Nguyễn Bá Tuần, diocesan priest, born in 1766 in Ngọc Đồng, Hưng Yên, died in prison on 15/07/1838 in Nam Định, during the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 15/07.

  99. Peter Lê Tùy, priest, born in 1773 in the Bằng Sở, Hà Đông, beheaded on 11/10/1833 in Quan Ban, during the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 11/10.

  100. Peter Nguyễn Khắc Tự, catechist, born in 1811 in Ninh Bình, strangled on 10/07/1840 in Đồng Hới, during the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified by on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 10/07.

  101. Peter Nguyễn Văn Tự, Dominican priest, born in 1796 in Ninh Cường, Bùi Chu, beheaded on 05/09/1838 in Bắc Ninh, during the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 05/09.

  102. Peter Đoàn Văn Vân, catechist, born in 1780 in Kẻ Bói, Hà Nam, executed by beheading on 25/05/1857 at Sơn Tây, during the reign of King Tự Đức, was beatified on 11/04/1909 by Pope Pius X, Feast day on 25/05.

  103. Philip Phan Văn Minh, priest, born in 1815 in Cái Mơn, Vĩnh Long, beheaded on 03/07/1853 at Đình Khao, during the reign of King Tự Đức, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 03/07.

  104. Simon Phan Đắc Hòa, medical practitioner, born 1787 in Mai Vĩnh, Thừa Thiên, layman, executed by beheading on 12/12/1840 at An Hòa, during the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 12/12.

  105. Stephen Théodore Cuenot Thể, Bishop of The Society of Foreign Missions of Paris, in the diocese of East-Cochinchina, born in 1802 in Belieu, Besancon, France, died in prison on 14/11/1861 at Bình Định during the reign of King Tự Đức, was beatified on 11/04/1909 by Pope Pius X, Feast day on 14/11.

  106. Stephen Nguyễn Văn Vinh, Dominican priest, born in 1814 in Phù Trang, Nam Định, strangled on 19/12/1839 in Cổ Mê, during the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 25/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 19/12.

  107. Thomas Đinh Viết Dụ, Dominican priest, born in 1783 in Phú Nhai, Nam Định, beheaded on 26/11/1839 in Bẩy Mẫu, during the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 26/11.

  108. Thomas Nguyễn Văn Đệ, layman, born in 1810 in Bồ Trang, Nam Định, Dominican tertiary, strangled on 19/12/1839 in Cổ Mê, during the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 19/12.

  109. Thomas Khuông, Dominican priest, born in 1780, in Nam Hào, Hưng Yên, executed by beheading on 30/01/1860 in Hưng Yên during the reign of King Tự Đức, was beatified on 29/04/1951 by Pope Pius XII, Feast day on 30/01.

  110. Thomas Trần Văn Thiện, seminarian, born in 1820 in Trung Quán, Quảng Bình, strangled on 21/09/1838 in Nhan Biểu, during the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 21/09.

  111. Thomas Toán, Dominican tertiary, born in 1764 in Cần Phàn, Nam Định, catechist, died in prison on 27/07/1840 in Nam Định, during the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 27/06.

  112. Valentine Berrio-Ochoa Vinh, Dominican Bishop of Spanish Missionaries Society, in the Diocese of East-Tonkin, born in 1827 in Elorrio (Vizcaya), Spain, beheaded on 11/01/1861 at Hài Dương, during the reign of King Tự Đức, was beatified on 15/04/1906 by Pope Pius X, Feast day on 01/11.

  113. Vincent Dương, layman, born in Doãn Trung, Thái Bình, burnt at the stake on 06/06/1862 in Nam Định, during the reign of King Tự Đức, was beatified on 29/04/1951 by Pope Pius XII, Feast day on 06/06.

  114. Vincent Nguyễn Thế Điểm, priest, born in 1761 in Ân Đô, Quảng Trị, strangled on 24/11/1838 in Đồng Hới, during the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 24/11.

  115. Vincent Phạm Hiếu Liêm (Lê Quang Liêm), Dominican priest, born in 1732 in Trà Lũ, Bùi Chu, beheaded on 11/07/1773 in Đồng Mơ, during the reign of Lord Trịnh Sâm, was beatified on 15/04/1906 by Pope Pius X, Feast day on 07/11.

  116. Vincent Tường, layman, born in Phú Yên, martyred on 06/16/1862 in Làng Cốc, during the reign of King Tự Đức, was beatified on 29/04/1951 by Pius XII, Feast day on 16/06.

  117. Vincent Đỗ Yến, Dominican priest, born in 1764 in Trà Lũ, Phú Nhai, beheaded on 30/06/1838 in Hài Dương during the reign of King Minh Mạng, was beatified on 27/05/1900 by Pope Leo XIII, Feast day on 30/06.

  118. Blessed Andrew of Phú Yên, born in the province of Phú Yên in 1625, baptized at the age of 15, at the same time with his widowed mother and siblings by Father Đắc Lộ (Alexandre de Rhodes). He was martyred on July 26, 1644 and was beatified on 05/03/2000 by Pope John Paul II.

List of 117 Vietnamese Martyrs was canonized in 1988:

117 Venerables were honored by the Roman Catholic Church as the Blessed through four stages:

  • May 27, 1900 (Pope Leo XIII): 64 Blesseds
  • May 20, 1906 (Pope Pius X): 8 Blesseds
  • May 02, 1909 (Pope Pius X): 20 Blesseds
  • April 28, 1951 (Pope Pius XII): 25 Blesseds
  • June 19, 1988 Pope John Paul II officially canonized 117 Blesseds.  

By nationality, 117 Martyrs of Việt Nam are grouped as follows:

  • 11 Spanish: 06 Bishops and 05 Dominican priests,
  • 10 Frenchmen: 02 Bishops and 08 priests of The Society of Foreign Missions of Paris (MEP),
  • 96 Vietnameses: 37 priests, 14 catechists, 01 seminarian and 44 laymen, including a female saint: Agnes Lê Thị Thành.

Vietnamese MartyrsVietnamese MartyrsAccording to Vietnamese history, they have sacrificed their lives for the Evangelization during the time of the kings as follows:

02 Blesseds during the reign of Lord Trịnh Doanh (1740-1767),
02 Blesseds, Lord Trịnh Sâm (1767-1782),
02 Blesseds, King Cảnh Thịnh (1782-1802),
58 Blesseds, King Minh Mạng (1820-1841),
03 Blesseds, King Thiệu Trị (1841-1847),
50 Blesseds, King Tự Đức (1847-1883).

In the 18th and 19th century, there were approximately from 130 to 300 thousand Catholics died for their Christian belief. Only for five years, from 1857 to 1862, there were about 5,000 Christians were martyred for their faithful confession, including approximately 215 clergymen, religious men and women and about 40,000 worshipers, who were captured and imprisoned or exiled to death.


[1] Secretariat Office of CBCV (2004), Giáo Hội Công Giáo Việt Nam - Niên Giám 2004 (Catholic Church in Việt Nam - Year Book 2004), (Hà Nội: Tôn Giáo Publication, 2004), 228-234.

[2] Date format: DD/MM/YYY.

[3] Rev. Joachim Nguyễn Đức Việt Châu, Hạnh Tích Các Thánh Tử Đạo Việt Nam (Biography of Martyr Saints of Việt Nam), (New Orleans, 2005).

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